If you are looking to start your own organic garden, there are a few tips that will help you steer clear of the main problems people tend to encounter when they begin their own gardens from scratch. The following article presents general guidelines that will lead you to successful planting.
Be careful of the leaves around your plants, certain kinds of leaves contain substances that can be harmful to plants. These leaves should not be used for mulching until they have been composted first. These include: acacia, California bay, camphor, cypress, eucalyptus, madrone, oak, pine, pittosporum, red cedar, and walnut.
Research plants before bringing them home. When you are trying to get the best plants for your organic landscape, you should take the time to get educated. Chose plants that are suited to growing conditions you already have, rather than trying to build an environment for a plant you didn’t properly plan for.
The healthy compost will consist of brown materials such as dead leaves, wood debris, plant debris, wood ash and straw. It will also need green materials, such as coffee grounds, grass clippings, kitchen scrapes (but not meat), and manure. The compost recipe should be two parts brown material to one part green material.
While most novice gardeners mistakenly believe that any insect is a harmful insect, at least 98 percent of common insects found in the garden are perfectly acceptable, if not beneficial for most flowers, vegetables, and grasses. Beetles, spiders, praying mantises, ladybugs, and green lacewings should be welcomed in any garden as they devour the insects that harm your plants.
When planting a new tree, never cramp roots into a small hole and always spread out the roots of bare-root stock instead of wrapping them around the stem. Make sure you cut away the plastic, twine, or cable wrapped around balled and burlapped trees before planting. Failure to take these precautions can result in “girdling”, in which a tree strangles, gradually starves, and dies.
You should keep your seeds damp without drowning them in water. Spray water over the soil to keep it moist, and place the pots or trays in which you have your seeds in water so that the soil can absorb the water. Make sure you replace the water in which your pots are standing regularly.
If you need to protect your plants in your organic garden from frost either early in the season or at the end of the season, here’s a great frugal way to cover them. Milk jugs, soda bottles and other plastic containers you can find around the house are perfect to protect your precious plants from the harsh frost.
Try to think of your organic environment in terms of an ecosystem. More specifically, try thinking of it in terms of “biodiversity”. If you use many different types of plants, you will help encourage many different types of insects to live in your garden. Many of these insects can be beneficial to your garden.
Organic gardens are becoming more and more popular these days. Learning to garden without dangerous chemicals is good for the environment as well, not to mention for your own health. Knowing some basic rules of gardening, as well as understanding your climate and its limitations, will help you sustain your garden long term.